path: root/Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt
diff options
authorGary Hade <>2009-01-06 14:39:14 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <>2009-01-06 15:59:00 -0800
commitc04fc586c1a480ba198f03ae7b6cbd7b57380b91 (patch)
tree9d6544a3b62cc01dbcbb1e315b84378b45ba86d2 /Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt
parentee53a891f47444c53318b98dac947ede963db400 (diff)
mm: show node to memory section relationship with symlinks in sysfs
Show node to memory section relationship with symlinks in sysfs Add /sys/devices/system/node/nodeX/memoryY symlinks for all the memory sections located on nodeX. For example: /sys/devices/system/node/node1/memory135 -> ../../memory/memory135 indicates that memory section 135 resides on node1. Also revises documentation to cover this change as well as updating Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-memory to include descriptions of memory hotremove files 'phys_device', 'phys_index', and 'state' that were previously not described there. In addition to it always being a good policy to provide users with the maximum possible amount of physical location information for resources that can be hot-added and/or hot-removed, the following are some (but likely not all) of the user benefits provided by this change. Immediate: - Provides information needed to determine the specific node on which a defective DIMM is located. This will reduce system downtime when the node or defective DIMM is swapped out. - Prevents unintended onlining of a memory section that was previously offlined due to a defective DIMM. This could happen during node hot-add when the user or node hot-add assist script onlines _all_ offlined sections due to user or script inability to identify the specific memory sections located on the hot-added node. The consequences of reintroducing the defective memory could be ugly. - Provides information needed to vary the amount and distribution of memory on specific nodes for testing or debugging purposes. Future: - Will provide information needed to identify the memory sections that need to be offlined prior to physical removal of a specific node. Symlink creation during boot was tested on 2-node x86_64, 2-node ppc64, and 2-node ia64 systems. Symlink creation during physical memory hot-add tested on a 2-node x86_64 system. Signed-off-by: Gary Hade <> Signed-off-by: Badari Pulavarty <> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt')
1 files changed, 13 insertions, 3 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt b/Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt
index 168117bd6ee8..4c2ecf537a4a 100644
--- a/Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt
+++ b/Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt
@@ -124,7 +124,7 @@ config options.
This option can be kernel module too.
-3 sysfs files for memory hotplug
+4 sysfs files for memory hotplug
All sections have their device information under /sys/devices/system/memory as
@@ -138,11 +138,12 @@ For example, assume 1GiB section size. A device for a memory starting at
(0x100000000 / 1Gib = 4)
This device covers address range [0x100000000 ... 0x140000000)
-Under each section, you can see 3 files.
+Under each section, you can see 4 files.
'phys_index' : read-only and contains section id, same as XXX.
'state' : read-write
@@ -150,10 +151,20 @@ Under each section, you can see 3 files.
at write: user can specify "online", "offline" command
'phys_device': read-only: designed to show the name of physical memory device.
This is not well implemented now.
+'removable' : read-only: contains an integer value indicating
+ whether the memory section is removable or not
+ removable. A value of 1 indicates that the memory
+ section is removable and a value of 0 indicates that
+ it is not removable.
These directories/files appear after physical memory hotplug phase.
+If CONFIG_NUMA is enabled the
+/sys/devices/system/memory/memoryXXX memory section
+directories can also be accessed via symbolic links located in
+the /sys/devices/system/node/node* directories. For example:
+/sys/devices/system/node/node0/memory9 -> ../../memory/memory9
4. Physical memory hot-add phase
@@ -365,7 +376,6 @@ node if necessary.
- allowing memory hot-add to ZONE_MOVABLE. maybe we need some switch like
sysctl or new control file.
- showing memory section and physical device relationship.
- - showing memory section and node relationship (maybe good for NUMA)
- showing memory section is under ZONE_MOVABLE or not
- test and make it better memory offlining.
- support HugeTLB page migration and offlining.