BUILDING THE FSQA SUITE
- cd into the xfstests directory
- install prerequisite packages
For example, for Ubuntu:
sudo apt-get install xfslibs-dev uuid-dev libtool-bin \
e2fsprogs automake gcc libuuid1 quota attr make \
libacl1-dev libaio-dev xfsprogs libgdbm-dev gawk fio dbench \
uuid-runtime python sqlite3 liburing-dev libcap-dev
For Fedora, RHEL, or CentOS:
yum install acl attr automake bc dbench dump e2fsprogs fio \
gawk gcc indent libtool lvm2 make psmisc quota sed \
xfsdump xfsprogs \
libacl-devel libaio-devel libuuid-devel \
xfsprogs-devel btrfs-progs-devel python sqlite liburing-devel \
(Older distributions may require xfsprogs-qa-devel as well.)
(Note that for RHEL and CentOS, you may need the EPEL repo.)
- run make
- run make install
- create fsgqa test user ("sudo useradd -m fsgqa")
- create fsgqa group ("sudo groupadd fsgqa")
- create 123456-fsgqa test user ("sudo useradd 123456-fsgqa")
this 2nd user creation step can be safely skipped if your system
doesn't support names starting with digits, only a handful of tests
- create fsgqa2 test user ("sudo useradd fsgqa2")
USING THE FSQA SUITE
Preparing system for tests:
- compile XFS into your kernel or load XFS modules
- install administrative tools specific to the filesystem you wish to test
- If you wish to run the udf components of the suite install
mkudffs. Also download and build the Philips UDF Verification Software
from https://www.lscdweb.com/registered/udf_verifier.html, then copy the udf_test
binary to xfstests/src/. If you wish to disable UDF verification test
set the environment variable DISABLE_UDF_TEST to 1.
- create one or two partitions to use for testing
- one TEST partition
- format as XFS, mount & optionally populate with
- one SCRATCH partition (optional)
- leave empty and expect this partition to be clobbered
by some tests. If this is not provided, many tests will
not be run.
(SCRATCH and TEST must be two DIFFERENT partitions)
- for btrfs only: some btrfs test cases will need 3 or more independent
SCRATCH disks which should be set using SCRATCH_DEV_POOL (for eg:
SCRATCH_DEV_POOL="/dev/sda /dev/sdb /dev/sdc") with which
SCRATCH_DEV should be unused by the tester, and for the legacy
support SCRATCH_DEV will be set to the first disk of the
SCRATCH_DEV_POOL by xfstests script.
- setup your environment
- copy local.config.example to local.config and edit as needed
- setenv TEST_DEV "device containing TEST PARTITION"
- setenv TEST_DIR "mount point of TEST PARTITION"
- setenv SCRATCH_DEV "device containing SCRATCH PARTITION" OR
(btrfs only) setenv SCRATCH_DEV_POOL "to 3 or more SCRATCH disks for
testing btrfs raid concepts"
- setenv SCRATCH_MNT "mount point for SCRATCH PARTITION"
- setenv TAPE_DEV "tape device for testing xfsdump"
- setenv RMT_TAPE_DEV "remote tape device for testing xfsdump"
- setenv RMT_IRIXTAPE_DEV "remote IRIX tape device for testing xfsdump"
- setenv SCRATCH_LOGDEV "device for scratch-fs external log"
- setenv SCRATCH_RTDEV "device for scratch-fs realtime data"
- setenv TEST_LOGDEV "device for test-fs external log"
- setenv TEST_RTDEV "device for test-fs realtime data"
- if TEST_LOGDEV and/or TEST_RTDEV, these will always be used.
- if SCRATCH_LOGDEV and/or SCRATCH_RTDEV, the USE_EXTERNAL
environment variable set to "yes" will enable their use.
- setenv DIFF_LENGTH "number of diff lines to print from a failed test",
by default 10, set to 0 to print the full diff
- setenv FSTYP "the filesystem you want to test", the filesystem
type is devised from the TEST_DEV device, but you may want to
override it; if unset, the default is 'xfs'
- setenv FSSTRESS_AVOID and/or FSX_AVOID, which contain options
added to the end of fsstresss and fsx invocations, respectively,
in case you wish to exclude certain operational modes from these
- set TEST_XFS_REPAIR_REBUILD=1 to have _check_xfs_filesystem
run xfs_repair -n to check the filesystem; xfs_repair to rebuild
metadata indexes; and xfs_repair -n (a third time) to check the
results of the rebuilding.
- xfs_scrub, if present, will always check the test and scratch
filesystems if they are still online at the end of the test.
It is no longer necessary to set TEST_XFS_SCRUB.
- setenv LOGWRITES_DEV to a block device to use for power fail
- setenv PERF_CONFIGNAME to a arbitrary string to be used for
identifying the test setup for running perf tests. This should
be different for each type of performance test you wish to run so
that relevant results are compared. For example 'spinningrust'
for configurations that use spinning disks and 'nvme' for tests
using nvme drives.
- set USE_KMEMLEAK=yes to scan for memory leaks in the kernel
after every test, if the kernel supports kmemleak.
- set KEEP_DMESG=yes to keep dmesg log after test
- Set TEST_FS_MODULE_RELOAD=1 to unload the module and reload
it between test invocations. This assumes that the name of
the module is the same as FSTYP.
- Set DUMP_CORRUPT_FS=1 to record metadata dumps of XFS, ext* or
btrfs filesystems if a filesystem check fails.
- Set DUMP_COMPRESSOR to a compression program to compress
metadumps of filesystems. This program must accept '-f' and the
name of a file to compress; and it must accept '-d -f -k' and
the name of a file to decompress. In other words, it must
- Set MIN_FSSIZE to specify the minimal size (bytes) of a
filesystem we can create. Setting this parameter will
skip the tests creating a filesystem less than
- Set MODPROBE_PATIENT_RM_TIMEOUT_SECONDS to specify the amount of
time we should try a patient module remove. The default is 50
seconds. Set this to "forever" and we'll wait forever until the
module is gone.
- Set FORCE_XFS_CHECK_PROG=yes to have _check_xfs_filesystem run
xfs_check to check the filesystem. As of August 2021,
xfs_repair finds all filesystem corruptions found by xfs_check,
and more, which means that xfs_check is no longer run by default.
- Set KCONFIG_PATH to specify your preferred location of kernel
- or add a case to the switch in common/config assigning
these variables based on the hostname of your test
- or add these variables to a file called local.config and keep that
file in your workarea.
- if testing xfsdump, make sure the tape devices have a
tape which can be overwritten.
- make sure $TEST_DEV is a mounted XFS partition
- make sure that $SCRATCH_DEV or $SCRATCH_DEV_POOL contains nothing useful
- cd xfstests
- By default the tests suite will run all the tests in the auto group. These
are the tests that are expected to function correctly as regression tests,
and it excludes tests that exercise conditions known to cause machine
failures (i.e. the "dangerous" tests).
- ./check '*/001' '*/002' '*/003'
- ./check '*/06?'
- Groups of tests maybe ran by: ./check -g [group(s)]
See the tests/*/group.list files after building xfstests to learn about
each test's group memberships.
- If you want to run all tests regardless of what group they are in
(including dangerous tests), use the "all" group: ./check -g all
- To randomize test order: ./check -r [test(s)]
- You can explicitly specify NFS/CIFS/OVERLAY, otherwise
the filesystem type will be autodetected from $TEST_DEV:
- for running nfs tests: ./check -nfs [test(s)]
- for running cifs/smb3 tests: ./check -cifs [test(s)]
- for overlay tests: ./check -overlay [test(s)]
The TEST and SCRATCH partitions should be pre-formatted
with another base fs, where the overlay dirs will be created
The check script tests the return value of each script, and
compares the output against the expected output. If the output
is not as expected, a diff will be output and an .out.bad file
will be produced for the failing test.
Unexpected console messages, crashes and hangs may be considered
to be failures but are not necessarily detected by the QA system.
ADDING TO THE FSQA SUITE
Creating new tests scripts:
Use the "new" script.
Test script environment:
When developing a new test script keep the following things in
mind. All of the environment variables and shell procedures are
available to the script once the "common/preamble" file has been
sourced and the "_begin_fstest" function has been called.
1. The tests are run from an arbitrary directory. If you want to
do operations on an XFS filesystem (good idea, eh?), then do
one of the following:
(a) Create directories and files at will in the directory
$TEST_DIR ... this is within an XFS filesystem and world
writeable. You should cleanup when your test is done,
e.g. use a _cleanup shell procedure in the trap ... see
001 for an example. If you need to know, the $TEST_DIR
directory is within the filesystem on the block device
(b) mkfs a new XFS filesystem on $SCRATCH_DEV, and mount this
on $SCRATCH_MNT. Call the the _require_scratch function
on startup if you require use of the scratch partition.
_require_scratch does some checks on $SCRATCH_DEV &
$SCRATCH_MNT and makes sure they're unmounted. You should
cleanup when your test is done, and in particular unmount
Tests can make use of $SCRATCH_LOGDEV and $SCRATCH_RTDEV
for testing external log and realtime volumes - however,
these tests need to simply "pass" (e.g. cat $seq.out; exit
- or default to an internal log) in the common case where
these variables are not set.
2. You can safely create temporary files that are not part of the
filesystem tests (e.g. to catch output, prepare lists of things
to do, etc.) in files named $tmp.<anything>. The standard test
script framework created by "new" will initialize $tmp and
cleanup on exit.
3. By default, tests are run as the same uid as the person
executing the control script "check" that runs the test scripts.
4. Some other useful shell procedures:
_get_fqdn - echo the host's fully qualified
_get_pids_by_name - one argument is a process name, and
return all of the matching pids on
_within_tolerance - fancy numerical "close enough is good
enough" filter for deterministic
output ... see comments in
common/filter for an explanation
_filter_date - turn ctime(3) format dates into the
string DATE for deterministic
_cat_passwd, - dump the content of the password
_cat_group or group file (both the local file
and the content of the NIS database
if it is likely to be present)
5. General recommendations, usage conventions, etc.:
- When the content of the password or group file is
required, get it using the _cat_passwd and _cat_group
functions, to ensure NIS information is included if NIS
- When calling getfacl in a test, pass the "-n" argument so
that numeric rather than symbolic identifiers are used in
- When creating a new test, it is possible to enter a custom name
for the file. Filenames are in form NNN-custom-name, where NNN
is automatically added by the ./new script as an unique ID,
and "custom-name" is the optional string entered into a prompt
in the ./new script. It can contain only alphanumeric characters
and dash. Note the "NNN-" part is added automatically.
6. Test group membership: Each test can be associated with any number
of groups for convenient selection of subsets of tests. Group names
can be any sequence of non-whitespace characters. Test authors
associate a test with groups by passing the names of those groups as
arguments to the _begin_fstest function. For example, the code:
_begin_fstest auto quick subvol snapshot
associates the current test with the "auto", "quick", "subvol", and
"snapshot" groups. It is not necessary to specify the "all" group
in the list because that group is computed at run time.
The build process scans test files for _begin_fstest invocations and
compiles the group list from that information. In other words, test
files must call _begin_fstest or they will not be run.
Each test script has a name, e.g. 007, and an associated
verified output, e.g. 007.out.
It is important that the verified output is deterministic, and
part of the job of the test script is to filter the output to
make this so. Examples of the sort of things that need filtering:
- filesystem names
- variable directory contents
- imprecise numbers, especially sizes and times
The script "check" may be used to run one or more tests.
Test number $seq is deemed to "pass" when:
(a) no "core" file is created,
(b) the file $seq.notrun is not created,
(c) the exit status is 0, and
(d) the output matches the verified output.
In the "not run" case (b), the $seq.notrun file should contain a
short one-line summary of why the test was not run. The standard
output is not checked, so this can be used for a more verbose
explanation and to provide feedback when the QA test is run
To force a non-zero exit status use:
won't have the desired effect because of the way the exit trap
The recent pass/fail history is maintained in the file "check.log".
The elapsed time for the most recent pass for each test is kept
The compare-failures script in tools/ may be used to compare failures
across multiple runs, given files containing stdout from those runs.
Send patches to the fstests mailing list at email@example.com.